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<p>The date of the <em>Odyssey</em>, given here as circa 700 BCE, is not even generally agreed to by scholars.  Don't take it literally; it is presented only because formatted chronology listings need to place an entry somewhere, or otherwise omit them entirely </p>  +
<p><strong>Caution:</strong> The editor of <em>The Canadian Newcomers Magazine</em> informed us on 1/10/2008 that the Tendulkar piece "was strictly an entertainment piece rather than an academic piece." We take this to say that the verse is not authentic. Email from Dale Sproule, Publisher/Editor.</p>  +
<p><strong>Caveat:</strong> "Stobbal" is usually used to denote a field game resembling field hockey or golf; thus, this account may not relate to stoolball <em>per se</em>.</p>  +
<p>We are uncertain whether the game was a running game or a field-hockey=-type game also called "stoball." </p>  +
<p>The reference to cricket resulted from the translation of the Dutch word  "balslaen" into "cricket." Others have apparently translated it as "tennis."Further, "ball-playing" is a translation from "kaetsen."</p>  +
<p><strong>Caveat:</strong> The Wikipedia entry is has incomplete citations and could not be verified.</p>  +
<p>One wishes there was more evidence that this form of "base" was a ball-game, and not a game like tag or capture-the-flag.  If "base" was a ball-game, this report of native American play nearly 3 centuries ago is certainly remarkable. </p>  +
<p>This is a very early claim for town ball, preceding even New England references to bat-and-ball,  roundball or like games. It would be useful to examine C. Davidson's sources on town ball and cat.<strong>  </strong>Are we content that these games were found in NC in the 1750s?</p>  +
<p>The writer present no evidence as to the earliest dates of known play.</p>  +
<p><strong>Caveat:</strong> Collins - and Wallace -believed that the proscribed game was shinny, and Altherr makes the same judgment - see Thomas L. Altherr, "Chucking the Old Apple: Recent Discoveries of Pre-1840 North American Ball Games," <span style="text-decoration: underline;">Base Ball</span>, Volume 2, number 1 (Spring 2008), pages 35-36.</p>  +
<p>Block advises, August 2015: </p> <p><span style="color: #333333; font-family: Arial; font-size: small;">That Cassandra Cooke, writing in the late 18th century, would have her readers believe that baseball was part of the vernacular in the early 17th century is certainly interesting, but since one contemporary reviewer labelled her book "despicable" there is absolutely no reason to think she had any more insight into the era than we do 216 years later.</span></p>  +
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<p>While this chron entry is dated circa 1824, the installation of sections of <span style="text-decoration: underline;">Our Village</span> may have begun in 1826.</p>  +
<p>This item was originally dated 1828, and adjusted to 1825 in 2020. For some details, see<em> Supplemental Text</em> below.</p>  +
<p>Citing the makeup of these players as differing from that of early town ball players' reports, and seeing the 1829 account as more of a morality tale than a reliable report, Richard Hershberger (email of 10/31/12) discounts this item as an account of the origins of Philadelphia town ball.</p> <p>In 1831 two organized groups, which later merged, played town ball: for a succinct history of the origins of Philadelphia town ball, see Richard Hershberger, "A Reconstruction of Philadelphia Town Ball," <span style="text-decoration: underline;">Base Ball</span>, volume 1 number 2 (Fall 2007), pp 28-29.</p>  +
<p>It is, of course, difficult to specify a reasonable date for a fictional account like this one.</p>  +
<p>We have assigned this to a date of ca. 1830 on the basis that players in their sixties seem to have played this (same) game as young adults.  Comments welcome on this assumption.  Were the southern shores of Lake Erie settled by Europeans at that date?</p>  +
<p>There is some ambiguity about the city intended in this recollection.  Springfield IL and New Salem IL seem mostly likely locations.</p>  +
<p>The "firsts" tentatively listed above are for the US play of baserunning games other than cricket.  Further analysis is needed to confirm or disconfirm its elements. </p>  +