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Age of Players Adult  +
Comment <p>Mark Pestana, who submitted this <p>Mark Pestana, who submitted this item to Protoball, observes, "Polo?  Croquet? Golf? Rounders?  I think it's interesting that the spot of the ball is marked at the end of the first day."</p> <p>See Mark's full coverage in the Supplemental Text, below.</p> in the Supplemental Text, below.</p>
Coordinates 51° 3' 50" N, 13° 45' 8" ELatitude: 51.0638718
Longitude: 13.752166
Country Sumer (Southern Mesopotamia, now in Iraq).  +
Game Unknown +
Has Supplemental Text true  +
Headline Tale of Game in Sumer, Possibly Using Ball and Mallet.  +
Query <p>Have other scholars commented on Mr. George's ballplaying interpretation of the Gilgamesh epic? </p>
Reviewed true  +
Salience 3  +
Sources <p><span style="text-decoration: <p><span style="text-decoration: underline;">The Epic of Gilgamesh,</span> dated as early at 2100 BCE.</p> <p>Mark Pestana, who tipped Protoball off on the Sumerian reference, suggest two texts for further insight: </p> <p>[1] Damrosch, David, <span style="text-decoration: underline;">The Buried Book: The Loss and Rediscovery of the Great Epic of Gilgamesh</span> (New York, New York: Henry Holt and Company, 2007).  For specific reference to the ball & mallet, page 232. Damrosch’s comment on the primacy of Andrew George’s interpretation: “For Gilgamesh, the starting point is Andrew George’s The Epic of Gilgamesh: A New Translation. . . "This is the best and most complete translation of the epic ever published, including newly discovered passages not included in any other translation.” (Damrosch, page 295)</p> <p>[2] George, Andrew, <span style="text-decoration: underline;">The Epic of Gilgamesh: A New Translation</span> (London, England: Penguin Books, 1999). This book includes a complete translation of the Standard version, a generous helping of fragments of the Old Babylonian version, plus the Sumerian “ur-texts” of the individual Gilgamesh poems. The quote I included describing the ball game is to be found on page 183.</p> <p> In the <em>Supplemental Tex</em>t, below, we provide an excerpt from a translation by Andrew George from his "Gilgamesh and the Netherworld."  </p> ilgamesh and the Netherworld."  </p>
Submission Note Emails of 4/23/2018 and 4/28/2018.  +
Submitted by Mark Pestana +
Tags Ball in the Culture  +
Year -2,500  +
Year Number 2  +
Year Suffix c  +
Has improper value forThis property is a special property in this wiki. Source Image  + , State  + , City  +
Categories Chronology  +
Modification dateThis property is a special property in this wiki. 30 April 2018 21:35:30  +
TextThis property is a special property in this wiki. <p>Gilgamesh was a celebrated Sumeri <p>Gilgamesh was a celebrated Sumerian king who probably reigned 2800-2500 BCE.  His legend appears in several later poems.  </p> <p>In one, he drops a <em>mikku </em>and a<em> pukku</em>, used in a ceremony or game, into the underworld.</p> <p>One scholar, Andrew George, suggests that the objects were a ball and a mallet.  George translates the game played as something like a polo game where humans are ridden instead of horses.</p> <p>When the two objects are lost, Gilgamesh is said in this interpretation to weep;</p> <p>'O my ball!  O my mallet!</p> <p>O my ball, which I have not enjoyed to the full!</p> <p>O my mallet, with which I have not had my fill of play!'</p> <p> </p> l of play!'</p> <p> </p>
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